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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Feb;66(2):259.e1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2010.11.039. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

Familial multiple discoid fibromas: a look-alike of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome not linked to the FLCN locus.

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  • 1Birt-Hogg-Dubé Working Group, Department of Dermatology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



Previously, we proposed that familial multiple trichodiscomas (OMIM 190340) is distinct from Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) (OMIM #135150). BHD is characterized by multiple fibrofolliculomas/trichodiscomas, lung cysts, pneumothorax, and renal cell cancer. Germline FLCN mutations can be detected in most but not all BHD families.


We sought to evaluate familial multiple trichodiscomas at a clinical and genetic level. We now renamed this condition "familial multiple discoid fibromas" (FMDF) to emphasize the distinction from BHD.


In 8 additional families with an autosomal dominant pattern of multiple discoid fibromas we assessed the clinical findings and the histopathological features of skin lesions. FLCN germline mutation analysis was completed in 7 families. In two of these families segregation analysis was performed using polymorphic DNA markers in and around the FLCN locus.


The clinical findings in FMDF are different from those in BHD with early onset of skin lesions, prominent involvement of the pinnae, and discoid fibromas without the follicular epithelial component characteristic of the fibrofolliculoma/trichodiscoma spectrum of BHD. In addition, there were no evident pulmonary or renal complications. In none of the families were pathogenic FLCN germline mutations identified. Using segregation analysis we could exclude involvement of the FLCN locus in the two kindreds tested.


The prevalence of FMDF is presently unknown. The underlying gene defect has not yet been identified.


FMDF is clinically distinct from BHD and is not linked to the FLCN locus.

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