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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Nov;128(5):1067-76.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2011.06.018. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

IL-22 attenuates IL-25 production by lung epithelial cells and inhibits antigen-induced eosinophilic airway inflammation.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

IL-22 functions as both a proinflammatory cytokine and an anti-inflammatory cytokine in various inflammations, depending on the cellular and cytokine milieu. However, the roles of IL-22 in the regulation of allergic airway inflammation are still largely unknown.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine whether IL-22 is involved in the regulation of allergic airway inflammation.

METHODS:

We examined IL-22 production and its cellular source at the site of antigen-induced airway inflammation in mice. We also examined the effect of IL-22 neutralization, as well as IL-22 administration, on antigen-induced airway inflammation. We finally examined the effect of IL-22 on IL-25 production from a lung epithelial cell line (MLE-15 cells).

RESULTS:

Antigen inhalation induced IL-22 production in the airways of sensitized mice. CD4(+) T cells, but not other lymphocytes or innate cells, infiltrating in the airways produced IL-22, and one third of IL-22-producing CD4(+) T cells also produced IL-17A. The neutralization of IL-22 by anti-IL-22 antibody enhanced antigen-induced IL-13 production, eosinophil recruitment, and goblet cell hyperplasia in the airways. On the other hand, intranasal administration of recombinant IL-22 attenuated antigen-induced eosinophil recruitment into the airways. Moreover, anti-IL-22 antibody enhanced antigen-induced IL-25 production in the airways, and anti-IL-25 antibody reversed the enhancing effect of anti-IL-22 antibody on antigen-induced eosinophil recruitment into the airways. Finally, IL-22 inhibited IL-13-mediated enhancement of IL-25 expression in IL-1β- or LPS-stimulated MLE-15 cells.

CONCLUSION:

IL-22 attenuates antigen-induced airway inflammation, possibly by inhibiting IL-25 production by lung epithelial cells.

PMID:
21794904
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2011.06.018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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