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Neuron. 2011 Jul 28;71(2):209-23. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.06.027.

Cognitive and perceptual functions of the visual thalamus.

Author information

1
Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA. saalmann@princeton.edu

Abstract

The thalamus is classically viewed as passively relaying information to the cortex. However, there is growing evidence that the thalamus actively regulates information transmission to the cortex and between cortical areas using a variety of mechanisms, including the modulation of response magnitude, firing mode, and synchrony of neurons according to behavioral demands. We discuss how the visual thalamus contributes to attention, awareness, and visually guided actions, to present a general role for the thalamus in perception and cognition.

PMID:
21791281
PMCID:
PMC3148184
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2011.06.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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