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Genes Cells. 2011 Sep;16(9):938-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2011.01538.x. Epub 2011 Jul 25.

Distinct roles of Rab11 and Arf6 in the regulation of Rab11-FIP3/arfophilin-1 localization in mitotic cells.

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1
Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Japan.

Abstract

Rab11 family interacting protein 3/arfophilin-1 is a dual effector of Rab11 and Arf6 and exhibits Rab11-dependent localization to recycling endosomes in interphase. Furthermore, FIP3 undergoes dynamic redistribution to the intercellular bridge during cytokinesis. However, regulation of FIP3 redistribution and its local function by Rab11 and Arf6 has remained controversial. In this study, we developed a procedure for detecting endogenous FIP3, Arf6, and Rab11 and determined that FIP3 is localized near the intercellular bridge during cytokinesis, and to the Flemming body (the midbody) immediately before abscission; Rab11 is localized near the intercellular bridge, but not to the Flemming body; and Arf6 is localized to the Flemming body. Time-lapse analyses showed that FIP3 is transported to the intercellular bridge during cytokinesis, together with Rab11; before abscission, FIP3 becomes localized to the Flemming body, where Arf6 is already present. After abscission, FIP3 and Arf6 are incorporated into one of the daughter cells as a Flemming body remnant. Based on these observations, we propose that FIP3 localization to recycling endosomes in interphase and their transport to the intercellular bridge during cytokinesis depend on Rab11, and targeting of FIP3-positive endosomal vesicles to the Flemming body in the abscission phase depends on Arf6.

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