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Nano Lett. 2011 Sep 14;11(9):3768-73. doi: 10.1021/nl2018178. Epub 2011 Aug 2.

How good can monolayer MoS₂ transistors be?

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  • 1Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States.


Monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS(2)), unlike its bulk form, is a direct band gap semiconductor with a band gap of 1.8 eV. Recently, field-effect transistors have been demonstrated experimentally using a mechanically exfoliated MoS(2) monolayer, showing promising potential for next generation electronics. Here we project the ultimate performance limit of MoS(2) transistors by using nonequilibrium Green's function based quantum transport simulations. Our simulation results show that the strength of MoS(2) transistors lies in large ON-OFF current ratio (>10(10)), immunity to short channel effects (drain-induced barrier lowering ∼10 mV/V), and abrupt switching (subthreshold swing as low as 60 mV/decade). Our comparison of monolayer MoS(2) transistors to the state-of-the-art III-V materials based transistors, reveals that while MoS(2) transistors may not be ideal for high-performance applications due to heavier electron effective mass (m = 0.45 m(0)) and a lower mobility, they can be an attractive alternative for low power applications thanks to the large band gap and the excellent electrostatic integrity inherent in a two-dimensional system.

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