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Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2011 Sep;61(9-10):398-404. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1283131. Epub 2011 Jul 25.

[Sense of coherence and stress in parents of children with chronic disease and mental health disorders].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Universitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, AKH Wien, Österreich. daniela_schuh@gmx.at

Abstract

QUESTION:

The aim of this study was to examine parental sense of coherence (SOC) as a resource for coming to terms with their children's disease. Furthermore we examined the interaction between parental stress experience and SOC while controlling for neuroticism. 3 groups were compared: parents of children with (1) cystic fibrosis (CF, n = 35), (2) juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA, n = 31) and (3) mental health disorders (PSY, n = 34).

METHODS:

Parents were asked to complete the "Heidelberger Sense of Coherence Questionnaire", the "Parenting Stress Index" and the Neuroticism Scale of the "Trierer Integriertes Persönlichkeitsinventar".

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences in SOC and neuroticism. Parents of children with mental health disorders showed significantly higher stress levels (M = 2.60; p = 0.001) than parents of children with CF (M = 2.13) and JIA (M = 1.99). In all groups, significant negative interactions between SOC and stress experience were found (r =  - 0.46 to  - 0.65). However, this effect decreased when controlling for neuroticism (r =  - 0.26 to  - 0.31).

IMPLICATION:

According to our results, the type of the child's disease is not relevant to the parents' SOC. A well developed SOC in parents is likely to be helpful in coping with the stress associated with a child's disease or disorder.

PMID:
21789754
DOI:
10.1055/s-0031-1283131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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