Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2011 Oct;79(10):3861-71. doi: 10.1128/IAI.05357-11. Epub 2011 Jul 25.

Coinfection with Enterohepatic Helicobacter species can ameliorate or promote Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric pathology in C57BL/6 mice.

Author information

Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.


To investigate how different enterohepatic Helicobacter species (EHS) influence Helicobacter pylori gastric pathology, C57BL/6 mice were infected with Helicobacter hepaticus or Helicobacter muridarum, followed by H. pylori infection 2 weeks later. Compared to H. pylori-infected mice, mice infected with H. muridarum and H. pylori (HmHp mice) developed significantly lower histopathologic activity index (HAI) scores (P < 0.0001) at 6 and 11 months postinoculation (MPI). However, mice infected with H. hepaticus and H. pylori (HhHp mice) developed more severe gastric pathology at 6 MPI (P = 0.01), with a HAI at 11 MPI (P = 0.8) similar to that of H. pylori-infected mice. H. muridarum-mediated attenuation of gastritis in coinfected mice was associated with significant downregulation of proinflammatory Th1 (interlukin-1beta [Il-1β], gamma interferon [Ifn-γ], and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [Tnf-α]) cytokines at both time points and Th17 (Il-17A) cytokine mRNA levels at 6 MPI in murine stomachs compared to those of H. pylori-infected mice (P < 0.01). Coinfection with H. hepaticus also suppressed H. pylori-induced elevation of gastric Th1 cytokines Ifn-γ and Tnf-α (P < 0.0001) but increased Th17 cytokine mRNA levels (P = 0.028) at 6 MPI. Furthermore, mRNA levels of Il-17A were positively correlated with the severity of helicobacter-induced gastric pathology (HhHp>H. pylori>HmHp) (at 6 MPI, r² = 0.92, P < 0.0001; at 11 MPI, r² = 0.82, P < 0.002). Despite disparate effects on gastritis, colonization levels of gastric H. pylori were increased in HhHp mice (at 6 MPI) and HmHp mice (at both time points) compared to those in mono-H. pylori-infected mice. These data suggest that despite consistent downregulation of Th1 responses, EHS coinfection either attenuated or promoted the severity of H. pylori-induced gastric pathology in C57BL/6 mice. This modulation was related to the variable effects of EHS on gastric interleukin 17 (IL-17) responses to H. pylori infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center