Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2011 Oct;79(10):3861-71. doi: 10.1128/IAI.05357-11. Epub 2011 Jul 25.

Coinfection with Enterohepatic Helicobacter species can ameliorate or promote Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric pathology in C57BL/6 mice.

Author information

1
Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. zge@mit.edu

Abstract

To investigate how different enterohepatic Helicobacter species (EHS) influence Helicobacter pylori gastric pathology, C57BL/6 mice were infected with Helicobacter hepaticus or Helicobacter muridarum, followed by H. pylori infection 2 weeks later. Compared to H. pylori-infected mice, mice infected with H. muridarum and H. pylori (HmHp mice) developed significantly lower histopathologic activity index (HAI) scores (P < 0.0001) at 6 and 11 months postinoculation (MPI). However, mice infected with H. hepaticus and H. pylori (HhHp mice) developed more severe gastric pathology at 6 MPI (P = 0.01), with a HAI at 11 MPI (P = 0.8) similar to that of H. pylori-infected mice. H. muridarum-mediated attenuation of gastritis in coinfected mice was associated with significant downregulation of proinflammatory Th1 (interlukin-1beta [Il-1β], gamma interferon [Ifn-γ], and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [Tnf-α]) cytokines at both time points and Th17 (Il-17A) cytokine mRNA levels at 6 MPI in murine stomachs compared to those of H. pylori-infected mice (P < 0.01). Coinfection with H. hepaticus also suppressed H. pylori-induced elevation of gastric Th1 cytokines Ifn-γ and Tnf-α (P < 0.0001) but increased Th17 cytokine mRNA levels (P = 0.028) at 6 MPI. Furthermore, mRNA levels of Il-17A were positively correlated with the severity of helicobacter-induced gastric pathology (HhHp>H. pylori>HmHp) (at 6 MPI, r² = 0.92, P < 0.0001; at 11 MPI, r² = 0.82, P < 0.002). Despite disparate effects on gastritis, colonization levels of gastric H. pylori were increased in HhHp mice (at 6 MPI) and HmHp mice (at both time points) compared to those in mono-H. pylori-infected mice. These data suggest that despite consistent downregulation of Th1 responses, EHS coinfection either attenuated or promoted the severity of H. pylori-induced gastric pathology in C57BL/6 mice. This modulation was related to the variable effects of EHS on gastric interleukin 17 (IL-17) responses to H. pylori infection.

PMID:
21788386
PMCID:
PMC3187262
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.05357-11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center