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AIP Conf Proc. 2007;953:262-276.

Automated image processing and analysis of cartilage MRI: enabling technology for data mining applied to osteoarthritis.

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1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, 7523 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a heterogeneous and multi-factorial disease characterized by the progressive loss of articular cartilage. Magnetic Resonance Imaging has been established as an accurate technique to assess cartilage damage through both cartilage morphology (volume and thickness) and cartilage water mobility (Spin-lattice relaxation, T2). The Osteoarthritis Initiative, OAI, is a large scale serial assessment of subjects at different stages of OA including those with pre-clinical symptoms. The electronic availability of the comprehensive data collected as part of the initiative provides an unprecedented opportunity to discover new relationships in complex diseases such as OA. However, imaging data, which provides the most accurate non-invasive assessment of OA, is not directly amenable for data mining. Changes in morphometry and relaxivity with OA disease are both complex and subtle, making manual methods extremely difficult. This chapter focuses on the image analysis techniques to automatically localize the differences in morphometry and relaxivity changes in different population sub-groups (normal and OA subjects segregated by age, gender, and race). The image analysis infrastructure will enable automatic extraction of cartilage features at the voxel level; the ultimate goal is to integrate this infrastructure to discover relationships between the image findings and other clinical features.

PMID:
21785520
PMCID:
PMC3140873
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