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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Oct;301(4):H1319-30. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01280.2010. Epub 2011 Jul 22.

Reactivity of the aorta and mesenteric resistance arteries from the obese spontaneously hypertensive rat: effects of glitazones.

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  • 1Department of Medical Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, School of Medicine and Regional Centre for Biomedical Research, Albacete, Spain.


The obese spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHROB) is a model of metabolic syndrome in which, to our knowledge, vascular function has never been studied. The actions of insulin sensitizers (glitazones) on vascular function have not been analyzed either. Our purpose was to characterize microvascular and macrovascular responses of the SHROB and to study the effects of glitazones on these responses. The reactivity of mesenteric resistance arteries (MRAs) and the aorta from SHROBs and control rats to cumulative concentrations of phenylephrine, ACh, and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was myographically analyzed. Some animals were orally treated with rosiglitazone (3 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1), 3 wk), and myography was performed. Phenylephrine, ACh, and SNP dose-response curves were impaired to different extents in arteries of SHROBs. Incubation with N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester caused little effects on phenylephrine and ACh curves in MRAs but enhanced phenylephrine contractions and abolished ACh-induced relaxations of aortae. Incubation with indomethacin reduced phenylephrine reactivity and improved ACh-induced relaxations of all vessels studied. NS-398 and tempol increased relaxations to ACh of MRAs. Incubation with pioglitazone or rosiglitazone (both 10(-5) M) or oral treatment with rosiglitazone improved, to different extents, ACh and SNP curves in all vessels. Glitazone incubation diminished aortic ACh sensitivity. The release of thromboxane A(2) and PGI(2) metabolites (thromboxane B(2) and 6-keto-PGF(1α)) was analyzed. ACh increased the MRA release of thromboxane B(2) from SHROBs but not control rats, and the former was prevented by rosiglitazone coincubation. In contrast, in aortae, ACh failed to alter the release of metabolites, and rosiglitazone treatment increased that of 6-keto-PGF(1α). Thus, SHROBs displayed microvascular and macrovascular dysfunction. MRAs, but not aortae, of SHROBs revealed an impaired endothelial nitric oxide pathway, whereas both, but especially MRAs, displayed an impaired cyclooxygenase pathway. Glitazones elicited beneficial effects on macrovascular and, especially, microvascular function of SHROBs.

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