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Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009 Nov;28(3):397-402. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2009.07.003. Epub 2009 Jul 14.

Risk factors for bango abuse in upper Egypt.

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Assiut University, Faculty of Medicine, Forensic and Clinical Toxicology Department, Assiut 71111, Egypt.


Cannabis is the most commonly abused drug in the world. In Egypt, the Anti Narcotic General Administration, showed that the narcotics problem costs the Egyptian economy approximately 800 million dollars annually. The present study was designed to determine the risk factors that lead to bango abuse among secondary school students and drivers in Assiut province. Urine samples were taken from 1000 volunteers after filling questionnaires and the risk factors were determined. Ethical consideration and informed consent was taken on. In drivers, the study found that bango abuse was concentrated in age group (21 to <31 years) and in those driving microbus, van and half van. In students, abuse concentrated in male students by 100%, and in those with high daily fund. The abused students tend to be more aggressive. Also, tend to be lazy to share in school activities. Abused students present in large family (8-11 persons) and families with troubles between parents (81% in divorced parents). In conclusion, bango abuse leads to deterioration of the academic achievement, and may be associated with antisocial and violent behavior.


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