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Int J Food Microbiol. 1990 Dec;11(3-4):321-7.

Depuration of Mytilus galloprovincialis experimentally contaminated with hepatitis A virus.

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Department of Public Health, II University Tor Vegata, Rome, Italy.


Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were contaminated with known amounts of laboratory strains of hepatitis A virus and Poliovirus 1 and the effectiveness of a self-cleansing mechanism was studied using a pilot depuration system. Both viruses were rapidly bioaccumulated by mussels and the maximal concentration of about 10(4) TCID50/ml was reached within 1.5 hours. Depuration was carried out up to 24 h; infectivity titer decreased to 10(2) TCID50/ml and 10(3.2) TCID50/ml within 6 h in hepatitis A virus and Poliovirus 1 contaminated mussels, respectively, but only a very slight further decrease was obtained after 24 h. E. coli was used as a control; within 24 h the concentration decreased from 40 to 2 bacteria/ml of mussel (MPN). The elimination of bacteria is not a reliable parameter to control the effectiveness of viral depuration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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