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Korean J Lab Med. 2011 Jul;31(3):172-8. doi: 10.3343/kjlm.2011.31.3.172. Epub 2011 Jun 28.

Diagnostic performance of high-sensitivity troponin T, myeloperoxidase, and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A assays for triage of patients with acute myocardial infarction.

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Department of Pathology, Army Medical College National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.



Early diagnosis is the cornerstone of management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT) with myeloperoxidase (MPO) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) for early diagnosis of AMI in patients at the time of presentation to the emergency department (ED).


We enrolled 289 patients who presented at the ED of the National Institute of Heart Disease (NIHD) Rawalpindi, Pakistan, within 4 hr of onset of chest pain. Clinical assessment, electrocardiography (ECG), and angiography were carried out. Blood samples were collected at 0, 3, 6, and 12 hr. Analyses of plasma hs-cTnT, MPO, and PAPP-A were carried out using commercial kits.


Out of 289 subjects who presented to the ED, we diagnosed 180 patients with coronary heart disease as having AMI (N= 61) and 119 as without AMI (stable coronary artery disease, N=61; unstable angina, N=58). Compared to non-AMI patients, the patients with AMI had significantly higher levels (represented here as median [inter quartile range]) of plasma hs-cTnT (136 [39-370] vs. 12 [7-21] ng/L), MPO (906 [564-1,631] vs. 786 [351-1,299] pmol/L) and PAPP-A (5.78 [2.67-13.4] vs. 2.8 [1.8-4.9] mIU/L). Receiver operator characteristic curves (95% CI) for hs-cTnT (0.952 [0.909-0.978]) were significantly higher (P<0.001) than those for MPO (0.886 [0.830-0.929]) and PAPP-A (0.797 [0.730-0.854]), with AMI sensitivity and specificity percentages of 87% and 98% (hs-cTnT), 82% and 84% (MPO), and 65% and 87% (PAPP-A), respectively.


The diagnostic performance of hs-cTnT was superior to that of MPO and PAPP-A for early triage and diagnosis of AMI among patients of coronary heart disease presenting with chest pain to the ED.


Acute myocardial infarction; Diagnostic accuracy; High-sensitivity troponin T; Myeloperoxidase; Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A

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