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Cardiology. 2011;119(1):15-20. doi: 10.1159/000329048. Epub 2011 Jul 16.

The value of combining CYP2C19*2 polymorphism with classic risk factors in prediction of clinical prognosis in acute coronary syndrome patients.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR China.



To assess the impact of different CYP2C19*2 polymorphisms on clinical outcomes and the effects of CYP2C19*2 polymorphism on predicting clinical outcomes in association with classic risk factors in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS).


Between July 2008 and September 2009, 497 consecutive patients with ACS who were admitted to the West China Hospital of Sichuan University were enrolled and underwent CYP2C19*2 determination. The clinical outcomes were the composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal stroke.


Baseline characteristics were balanced between noncarrier, heterozygous and homozygous groups of the CYP2C19*2 variant. The clinical endpoint occurred more frequently in the homozygous group (HR 4.86, CI 1.62-14.56, p = 0.005). After multivariable analysis, the CYP2C19*2 genetic variant was an independent predictor of cardiovascular events (HR 5.96, CI 1.77-20.03, p = 0.0039) as well as GRACE score and Killip class. The combination of CYP2C19*2 with GRACE score and Killip class increases the potential to predict adverse outcomes.


Homozygosity (A/A) for CYP2C19*2 mutant is an independent determinant of prognosis in patients with ACS. The combination of CYP2C19*2 polymorphism with classic risk factors may be a useful tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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