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Mol Pharmacol. 2011 Oct;80(4):665-72. doi: 10.1124/mol.111.073957. Epub 2011 Jul 21.

Cooperative role of caveolin-1 and C-terminal Src kinase binding protein in C-terminal Src kinase-mediated negative regulation of c-Src.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


In the present study, we assessed the cooperative roles of C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) binding protein (Cbp) and Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in the mechanism of Src family tyrosine kinase (SFK) inhibition by Csk. SFKs are inactivated by phosphorylation of their C-terminal tyrosine by Csk. Whereas SFKs are membrane-associated, Csk is a cytoplasmic protein and therefore requires membrane adaptors such as Cbp or Cav-1 for recruitment to the plasma membrane to mediate SFK inhibition. To determine the specific role of Cav-1 and Cbp in SFK inhibition, we measured c-Src activity in the absence of each membrane adaptor. It is noteworthy that in lungs and fibroblasts from Cav-1(-/-) mice, we observed increased expression of Cbp compared with wild-type (WT) controls. However, both c-Src activity and Csk localization at the membrane were similar between Cav-1(-/-) fibroblasts and WT cells. Likewise, Cbp depletion by small interfering RNA (siRNA) treatment of WT cells had no effect on basal c-Src activity, but it increased the phosphorylation state of Cav-1. Immunoprecipitation then confirmed increased association of Csk with phosphomimicking Cav-1. Knockdown of Cbp by siRNA in Cav-1(-/-) cells revealed increased basal c-Src activity, and re-expression of WT Cav-1 in the same cells reduced basal c-Src activity. Taken together, these results indicate that Cav-1 and Cbp cooperatively regulate c-Src activity by recruiting Csk to the membrane where it phosphorylates c-Src inhibitory tyrosine 529. Furthermore, when either Cav-1 or Cbp expression is reduced or absent, there is a compensatory increase in the phosphorylation state or expression level of the other membrane-associated Csk adaptor to maintain SFK inhibition.

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