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Water Res. 2011 Nov 1;45(17):5375-80. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.06.028. Epub 2011 Jul 3.

Preparation of ion exchanger layered electrodes for advanced membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI).

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School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Buk-gu, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.


A noble electrode for capacitive deionization (CDI) was prepared by embedding ion exchanger onto the surface of a carbon electrode to practice membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI). Bromomethylated poly (2, 6-dimethyl-1, 4-phenylene oxide) (BPPO) was sprayed on carbon cloth followed by sulfonation and amination to form cation exchange and anion exchange layers, respectively. The ion exchange layers were examined by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). The SEM image showed that the woven carbon cloth was well coated and connected with BPPO. The FT-IR spectrum revealed that sulfonic and amine functional groups were attached on the cationexchange and anionexchange electrodes, respectively. The advantages of the developed carbon electrodes have been successively demonstrated in a batch and a continuous mode CDI operations without ion exchange membranes for salt removal using 100 mg/L NaCl solution.

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