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Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2011 Jun;28(3):441-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2011.05.001. Epub 2011 Jun 25.

Practical aspects of foot and ankle arthroscopy.

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  • 1Department of Podiatry, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, Mountain View, CA 94040, USA.


Arthroscopy of the foot and ankle, although sometimes technically challenging, is a useful tool for the foot and ankle surgeon. Burman in 1931 was the first to attempt arthoscopy of the ankle joint and surmised that it was not a suitable joint for arthroscopy because of its narrow intra-articular space. With the development of smaller-diameter arthroscopes and improvements in joint distraction techniques, Watanabe was the first to present a series of 28 ankle arthroscopes in 1972. At present, arthroscopy is used not only to evaluate and treat intra-articular abnormalities but also for endoscopic and tendoscopic procedures.

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