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IEEE Trans Image Process. 2012 Jun;21(6):2969-79. doi: 10.1109/TIP.2011.2162421. Epub 2011 Jul 18.

A geometric construction of multivariate sinc functions.

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.


We present a geometric framework for explicit derivation of multivariate sampling functions (sinc) on multidimensional lattices. The approach leads to a generalization of the link between sinc functions and the Lagrange interpolation in the multivariate setting. Our geometric approach also provides a frequency partition of the spectrum that leads to a nonseparable extension of the 1-D Shannon (sinc) wavelets to the multivariate setting. Moreover, we propose a generalization of the Lanczos window function that provides a practical and unbiased approach for signal reconstruction on sampling lattices. While this framework is general for lattices of any dimension, we specifically characterize all 2-D and 3-D lattices and show the detailed derivations for 2-D hexagonal body-centered cubic (BCC) and face-centered cubic (FCC) lattices. Both visual and numerical comparisons validate the theoretical expectations about superiority of the BCC and FCC lattices over the commonly used Cartesian lattice.


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