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Biosens Bioelectron. 2011 Sep 15;27(1):12-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2011.03.010. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Extracellular recording of spatiotemporal patterning in response to odors in the olfactory epithelium by microelectrode arrays.

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Biosensor National Special Laboratory, Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Education Ministry, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China.


In olfactory biosensors, microelectronic sensor chips combined with biological olfactory cells are a promising platform for odor detection. In our investigation, olfactory epithelium stripped from rat was fixed on the surface of microelectrode arrays (MEAs). Electrophysiological activities of olfactory receptor neurons in intact epithelium were measured in the form of extracellular potentials. Based on multi-channel recording performance of MEA and structural and functional integrality of native olfactory epithelium, the spatiotemporal analysis was carried out to study the extracellular activity pattern of neurons in the tissue. The variation of spatiotemporal patterns corresponding to different odors displayed the signals firing image characteristic intuitionally. It is an effective method in the form of patterns for monitoring the state of tissue both in time and space domain, promoting the platform for olfactory sensing mechanism research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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