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Psicothema. 2011 Aug;23(3):349-55.

Associations between parental educational/occupational levels and cognitive performance in Spanish adolescents: the AVENA study.

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1
University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain. ruthcastillo@uma.es

Abstract

We examined the associations between parental educational/occupational levels and cognitive performance in Spanish adolescents. Cognitive performance was measured by a validated Scholar Aptitudes test in 2,162 participants. Parental educational and occupational levels were positively associated with all specific cognitive abilities and the overall score (p<001 to .04). The odds ratios of having a high cognitive performance (top quartile) in adolescents with high parental educational level were 1.6 to 1.7 times higher than for those with a low parental educational level. Similarly, the odds ratios were 1.9 to 2.4 times higher for adolescents with high parental occupational level. These findings suggest an association between parental educational/occupational levels and cognitive performance in Spanish adolescents and support the parents' role in the creation of a stimulating intellectual environment.

PMID:
21774884
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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