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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1990 Dec;283(2):258-65.

The oxidation of ubiquinol by the isolated Rieske iron-sulfur protein in solution.

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Department of Biology, University of Bologna, Italy.


The pre-steady-state redox reactions of the Rieske iron-sulfur protein isolated from beef heart mitochondria have been characterized. The rates of oxidation by c-type cytochromes is much faster than the rate of reduction by ubiquinols. This enables the monitoring of the oxidation of ubiquinols by the Rieske protein through the steady-state electron transfer to cytochrome c in solution. The pH and ionic strength dependence of this reaction indicate that the ubiquinol anion is the direct reductant of the oxidized cluster of the iron-sulfur protein. The second electron from ubiquinol is diverted to oxygen by the isolated Rieske protein, and forms oxygen radicals that contribute to the steady-state reduction of cytochrome c. Under anaerobic conditions, however, the reduction of cytochrome c catalyzed by the protein becomes mechanicistically identical to the chemical reduction by ubiquinols. The present kinetic work outlines that: (i) the electron transfer between the ubiquinol anion and the Rieske cluster has a comparable rate when the protein is isolated or inserted into the parent cytochrome c reductase enzyme; (ii) the Rieske protein may be a relevant generator of oxygen radicals during mitochondrial respiration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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