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J Holist Nurs. 2012 Mar;30(1):6-15. doi: 10.1177/0898010111412189. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

A concept analysis of person-centered care.

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The University of Texas in Austin School of Nursing, Austin, TX 78717, USA.


The term person-centered care (PCC) has been frequently used in the literature, but there is no consensus about its meaning. This article uses Walker and Avants's method of concept analysis as a framework to analyze PCC. A literature search was completed and data were collected using several search engines (CINAHL, Medline, PubMed, and Cochrane Review). The key words used were "individualized-care," "person-centered care," "patient-centered care," "client-centered care," and "resident-centered care." Attributes, antecedents, and consequences of PCC were identified. Empirical referents were provided to measure PCC from the perspective of the person receiving care and finally, a model case provides an exemplar of the concept.

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