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AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2011 Sep;25(9):509-15. doi: 10.1089/apc.2011.0113. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Effects of the H2-receptor antagonist famotidine on the pharmacokinetics of atazanavir-ritonavir with or without tenofovir in HIV-infected patients.

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Bristol-Myers Squibb, Research and Development, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.


Significant pharmacokinetic interactions can result between acid-suppressing agents and some protease inhibitors (PIs) in the management of HIV infection. In healthy subjects, famotidine, an H(2)-receptor antagonist, reduces exposures of atazanavir by 4-28% at doses of 20-40 mg twice daily. This study evaluated the effect of famotidine 20-40 mg twice daily on the pharmacokinetics of atazanavir/ritonavir 300/100 mg once daily with and without tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) 300 mg in HIV-infected patients (n=40; 87.5% male; mean age 42, range 26-63 years; 55% white). Coadministration of famotidine 40 mg and atazanavir/ritonavir to HIV-infected patients reduced exposures of atazanavir by approximately 20%. This is comparable to reductions seen in HIV-uninfected subjects. Coadministration of famotidine 20 mg had less impact on atazanavir exposures, with no reduction of atazanavir geometric mean plasma concentration at 24 h postdose (C(min)). In the presence of TDF, administration of famotidine 20-40 mg twice daily 2 h after and 10 h before atazanavir/ritonavir reduced exposures of atazanavir by 19-25%. However, all individual atazanavir C(min) values remained at least five-fold above the population mean protein-binding adjusted 90% maximum effect (EC(90)) against wild-type HIV (14 ng/mL). No viral load rebound was observed at end of study. The results confirmed that coadministration of an H(2)-receptor antagonist with atazanavir/ritonavir in HIV-infected patients resulted in similar magnitude of reductions in atazanavir exposures as in healthy subjects. This supports the current dose recommendations for coadministration of an H(2)-receptor antagonist with atazanavir/ritonavir.

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