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Basic Res Cardiol. 2011 Nov;106(6):1311-28. doi: 10.1007/s00395-011-0204-x. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Class A scavenger receptor attenuates myocardial infarction-induced cardiomyocyte necrosis through suppressing M1 macrophage subset polarization.

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Atherosclerosis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease and Molecular Intervention, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.


Classically (M1) and alternatively (M2) activated macrophage subsets play differential roles in left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). The precise mechanism underlying the regulation of M1/M2 polarization during MI is unknown. We hypothesized that class A scavenger receptor (SR-A), a key modulator of inflammation, may steer macrophage polarization, which in turn influences cardiomyocytes necrosis after MI. MI was induced in wild type (WT) and SR-A deficient (SR-A(-/-)) mice by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. Cardiac function deterioration, ventricular dilatation and fibrosis were all exacerbated in SR-A(-/-) mice following MI compared to WT littermates. Meanwhile, enhanced M1 macrophage polarization was observed in SR-A(-/-) mice, along with increased production of M1 signature cytokines including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) as demonstrated by immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, quantitative real-time PCR, and ELISA assays. Moreover, activation of the activated apoptosis signal regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway was markedly elevated in SR-A(-/-) animals post-MI. Most importantly, transplantation using bone marrow from SR-A(+/+) mice partially restored M1 macrophages and significantly augmented left ventricular fractional shortening in SR-A(-/-) mice. SR-A attenuated MI-induced cardiac remodeling by suppressing macrophage polarization toward a skewed M1 phenotype, reducing secretion of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and dampening the ASK1/p38/NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, SR-A may exert a protective effect against MI, which may represent a new interventional target for treatment of post-infarct remodeling and subsequent heart failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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