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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Oct;68(4):1081-7. doi: 10.1007/s00280-011-1703-z. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Phase II clinical trial evaluating docetaxel, vinorelbine and GM-CSF in stage IV melanoma.

Author information

1
Departments of Medicine, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Metastatic melanoma patients have a poor prognosis. No chemotherapy regimen has improved overall survival. More effective treatments are needed. Docetaxel has clinical activity in melanoma and may be more active when combined with vinorelbine. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has shown activity as an adjuvant melanoma therapy. We carried out a phase II study of these agents in patients with stage IV melanoma.

METHODS:

Patients had documented stage IV melanoma and may have had prior immuno or chemotherapy. Previously treated brain metastases were allowed. Docetaxel (40 mg/m(2) IV) and vinorelbine (30 mg/m(2) IV) were administered every 14 days, followed by GM-CSF (250 mg/m2 SC on days 2 to 12). The primary endpoint of the study was 1-year overall survival (OS). Secondary objectives were median overall survival, response rate (per RECIST criteria), and the toxicity profiles.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two patients were enrolled; 80% had stage M1c disease. Brain metastases were present in 21%. Fifty-two percent of patients had received prior chemotherapy, including 35% who received prior biochemotherapy. Toxicity was manageable. Grade III/IV toxicities included neutropenia (31%), anemia (14%), febrile neutropenia (11.5%), and thrombocytopenia (9%). DVS chemotherapy demonstrated clinical activity, with a partial response in 15%, and disease stabilization in 37%. Six-month PFS was 37%. Median OS was 11.4 months and 1-year OS rate was 48.1%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DVS regimen was active in patients with advanced, previously treated melanoma, with manageable toxicity. The favorable 1-year overall survival and median survival rates suggest that further evaluation of the DVS regimen is warranted.

PMID:
21769667
PMCID:
PMC3180631
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-011-1703-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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