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Case Rep Oncol. 2011;4(2):358-62. doi: 10.1159/000330239. Epub 2011 Jul 9.

Carcinosarcoma of the uterine corpus with alpha-fetoprotein-producing hepatoid adenocarcinoma: a report of two cases.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.


We report two cases of uterine carcinosarcoma associated with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing hepatoid adenocarcinoma. Samples were obtained from two women aged 63 and 82 years. Serum AFP levels of the two samples were 10,131 and 401 ng/ml, respectively. Histologically, in both cases the tumor cells were composed of hepatoid adenocarcinoma component and sarcoma component including rhabdomyosarcoma. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that AFP was expressed in the cytoplasm of the carcinomatous component. After surgery, the patients received six courses of carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy, and the serum levels of AFP decreased to normal range. The first patient is alive and well at the 2-year follow-up, while the second patient died of disease 1 year after initial operative treatment. This is, to our knowledge, the second report of carcinosarcoma of the uterine corpus with AFP-producing hepatoid adenocarcinoma, as proven by immunohistochemical analyses.


Alpha-fetoprotein; Hepatoid adenocarcinoma; Rhabdomyosarcoma; Uterine carcinosarcoma

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