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Arch Surg. 2011 Nov;146(11):1235-9. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.171. Epub 2011 Jul 18.

Incorrect surgical procedures within and outside of the operating room: a follow-up report.

Author information

1
Veterans Health Administration, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA. julia.neily@va.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe incorrect surgical procedures reported from mid-2006 to 2009 from Veterans Health Administration medical centers and build on previously reported events from 2001 to mid-2006.

DESIGN:

Retrospective database review.

SETTING:

Veterans Health Administration medical centers.

INTERVENTIONS:

The Veterans Health Administration implemented Medical Team Training and continues to support their directive for ensuring correct surgery to improve surgical patient safety.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The categories were incorrect procedure types (wrong patient, side, site, procedure, or implant), major or minor surgery, in or out of the operating room (OR), adverse event or close call, specialty, and harm.

RESULTS:

Our review produced 237 reports (101 adverse events, 136 close calls) and found decreased harm compared with the previous report. The rate of reported adverse events decreased from 3.21 to 2.4 per month (P = .02). Reported close calls increased from 1.97 to 3.24 per month (P ≤ .001). Adverse events were evenly split between OR (50) and non-OR (51). When in-OR events were examined as a rate, Neurosurgery had 1.56 and Ophthalmology had 1.06 reported adverse events per 10 000 cases. The most common root cause for adverse events was a lack of standardization of clinical processes (18%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The rate of reported adverse events and harm decreased, while reported close calls increased. Despite improvements, we aim to achieve further gains. Current plans and actions include sharing lessons learned from root cause analyses, policy changes based on root cause analysis review, and additional focused Medical Team Training as needed.

PMID:
21768408
DOI:
10.1001/archsurg.2011.171
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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