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J Cell Biol. 2011 Jul 25;194(2):177-86. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201101062. Epub 2011 Jul 18.

APC/CCdh1-dependent proteolysis of USP1 regulates the response to UV-mediated DNA damage.

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Department of Biochemistry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Targeted protein destruction of critical cellular regulators during the G1 phase of the cell cycle is achieved by anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome(Cdh1) (APC/C(Cdh1)), a multisubunit E3 ubiquitin ligase. Cells lacking Cdh1 have been shown to accumulate deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage, suggesting that it may play a previously unrecognized role in maintaining genomic stability. The ubiquitin-specific protease 1 (USP1) is a known critical regulator of DNA repair and genomic stability. In this paper, we report that USP1 was degraded in G1 via APC/C(Cdh1). USP1 levels were kept low in G1 to provide a permissive condition for inducing proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) monoubiquitination in response to ultraviolet (UV) damage before DNA replication. Importantly, expression of a USP1 mutant that cannot be degraded via APC/C(Cdh1) inhibited PCNA monoubiquitination during G1, likely compromising the recruitment of trans-lesion synthesis polymerase to UV repair sites. Thus, we propose a role for APC/C(Cdh1) in modulating the status of PCNA monoubiquitination and UV DNA repair before S phase entry.

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