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Cell Signal. 1990;2(1):9-19.

Phospholipase C mimics insulin action on pyruvate dehydrogenase and insulin mediator generation but not glucose transport or utilization.

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1
University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia.

Abstract

This study investigated the extent to which a purified phosphatidylinositol-specific and a commercial non-specific phospholipase C mimicked acute insulin action in rat adipocytes. The enzymes mimicked insulin stimulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and breakdown of a glycophospholipid proposed as a precursor for an intracellular mediator of insulin action, but were much less effective in stimulating glucose transport and utilization. These observations corroborate recent suggestions that insulin may activate a phospholipase C to generate a mediator that can account for insulin activation of PDH from a mediator precursor with a phosphatidylinositol anchor. This mediator precursor is probably an outer membrane component since effects were obtained with intact cells. It is unlikely that this mechanism accounts fully for insulin action since phosphatidylinositol-specific and commercial phospholipase C stimulation of glucose transport was significantly less than that elicited by insulin.

PMID:
2176804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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