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J BUON. 2011 Apr-Jun;16(2):241-6.

Glutathione S-transferase P1 polymorphisms are associated with time to tumor progression in small cell lung cancer patients.

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Department of Medical Oncology, Institute of Oncology, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.



Many of commonly used chemotherapeutics in lung cancer treatment are metabolized by glutathione-S transferases (GSTs). The placental isoform of GST (GSTP1) is the most abundant isoform in the lung. Polymorphisms within the GSTP1 may result in alterations in enzyme activity and change sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. We investigated whether the polymorphism within the exons 5 and 6 of GSTP1 gene may change response to therapy, time to tumor progression (TTP) and overall survival in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients.


Ninety-four histologically confirmed patients with SCLC were enrolled in this study during 1995-2006. GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism in exon 5 and GSTP1 Ala- 114Val polymorphism in exon 6 were determined by using PCR-RFLP techniques. Associations between the GSTP1 polymorphisms and treatment response were evaluated using the chi-square test. Associations between the GSTP1 polymorphisms and TTP and overall survival were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival curves.


We found no significant associations between exon 5 and exon 6 GSTP1 gene polymorphisms and response to therapy or overall survival. Patients carrying both variant exon 5 (Ile/Val or Val/Val) and variant exon 6 (Ala/Val) genotypes had significantly shorter TTP (5 vs. 8 months, p = 0.04). Moreover, patients with heterozygote exon 6 variant had presented with extensive-stage disease.


No individual effect of variant alleles was found in relation to chemotherapy response, median TTP and overall survival. The carriage of both types of variant alleles may predict worse outcome.

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