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Eur J Orthod. 2012 Oct;34(5):625-32. Epub 2011 Jul 16.

An in vitro comparison of the frictional forces between archwires and self-ligating brackets of passive and active types.

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School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.


The aim of this study was to compare the static and kinetic frictional forces generated by various contemporary designs of self-ligating brackets (SLBs) and different wire alloys. In total, six different brackets (four passive type SLB, one active SLB, and one conventional bracket) were investigated using stainless steel, nickel-titanium, and titanium-molybdenum alloy archwires of several sizes. The friction forces were measured by sliding on a bracket-wire combination system in an EZ instron testing machine. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to examine the wear effects of the wall surfaces of bracket slots. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was used to identify the elemental compositions of the bracket surfaces. The data were collected and statistically analysed using analysis of variance. The results of static and kinetic frictional forces were lower in passive type SLBs (P < 0.05), except in the Smart Clip bracket. The wire materials or wire dimensions in the present study showed similar friction forces with no statistical differences (P > 0.05). The wearing effects were not obviously found in bracket slots under SEM observation. Only conventional brackets and mini-Clippy SLB revealed nickel ions via EDS analysis. This study shows that passive SLBs are associated with lower static or kinetic friction forces than those of active SLBs or conventional brackets. Wear on the bracket slots was not observed in the present study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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