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Ann Vasc Surg. 2011 Nov;25(8):1026-35. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2011.05.005. Epub 2011 Jul 20.

Surgical management of tumors invading the aorta and major arterial structures.

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Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ 85054, USA.



This study investigates surgical management of tumors arising from or involving the aorta and major arterial structures.


A retrospective single institutional review was conducted of patients undergoing arterial resection for tumors involving the aorta or major arterial structures between January 1992 and May 2009 at a tertiary care center. Patients with tumors abutting arteries without necessitating resection and those involving only venous structures were excluded. Patients were analyzed in groups by vessel involvement: aorta, carotid, external/common iliac, internal iliac, superficial femoral, and miscellaneous.


Sixty patients were identified and included for review. The iliac arteries were most often resected, and sarcomatous pathology was most common (37 patients, 62%). Twelve patients underwent aortic resection, with eight (67%) of these undergoing graft reconstruction, one (8%) graft patch, and two (17%) primary repair. None of the 17 patients undergoing internal iliac resection underwent reconstruction, whereas the majority of patients in all other groups underwent reconstruction. Thirty-day mortality (TDM) was 0% in all groups, except the aortic (2/12, 17% TDM), and internal iliac arteries (1/17, 6% TDM). Estimated blood loss varied widely and was not significantly different between vessel groups (p = 0.280). Overall, 44 of 60 (73%) patients had negative margins. Fourteen patients (23%) returned to the operating room, most for wound infection or dehiscence. Mean follow-up was 20.25 months (range: 0.5-122.0 months, SD: 23 months). Forty patients were followed up for more than 1 year. Thus, with an overall median follow-up of 12.25 months, overall survival was 60% with disease-free survival of 40%.


Resection of tumors involving the aorta and major arterial structures provides a reasonable option for treatment, but with significant perioperative morbidity. In selected patients, this aggressive intervention should be considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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