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Plant Signal Behav. 2011 Aug;6(8):1195-7. doi: 10.4161/psb.6.8.15791. Epub 2011 Aug 1.

Proline dehydrogenase is a positive regulator of cell death in different kingdoms.

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CIQUIBIC-CONICET, Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.


Proline dehydrogenase (ProDH) catalyzes the flavin-dependent oxidation of Pro into Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C). This is the first of the two enzymatic reactions that convert proline (Pro) into glutamic acid (Glu). The P5C thus produced is non-enzymatically transformed into glutamate semialdehyde (GSA), which acts as a substrate of P5C dehydrogenase (P5CDH) to generate Glu. Activation of ProDH can generate different effects depending on the behaviour of other enzymes of this metabolism. Under different conditions it can generate toxic levels of P5C, alter the cellular redox homeostasis and even produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recent studies indicate that in Arabidopsis, the enzyme potentiates the oxidative burst and cell death associated to the Hypersensitive Responses (HR). Interestingly, activation of ProDH can also produce harmful effects in other organisms, suggesting that the enzyme may play a conserved role in the control of cell death.

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