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Biochemistry. 1990 Sep 4;29(35):8085-93.

The form II fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase and phosphoribulokinase genes form part of a large operon in Rhodobacter sphaeroides: primary structure and insertional mutagenesis analysis.

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Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) and phosphoribulokinase (PRK) are two key enzymes of the reductive pentose phosphate pathway or Calvin cycle of photosynthetic carbon dioxide assimilation. Early studies had indicated that the properties of enzymes isolated from photosynthetic bacteria were clearly distinct from those of enzymes obtained from the chloroplasts of higher plants [for a review, see Tabita (1988)]. The eucaryotic enzymes, which are light activated by the thioredoxin/ferredoxin system (Buchanan, 1980), were each shown to contain a putative regulatory amino acid sequence (Marcus et al., 1988; Porter et al., 1988). The enzymes from photosynthetic bacteria are not controlled by the thioredoxin/ferredoxin system but exhibit complex kinetic properties and, in the case of PRK, there is an absolute requirement of NADH for activity. In the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, the structural genes of the Calvin cycle, including the genes that encode FBPase (fbp) and PRK (prk), are found in two distinct clusters, and the fbp and prk genes are closely associated in each cluster. In the present investigation, we have determined the nucleotide sequence of the fbpB and prkB genes of the form II cluster and have compared the deduced amino acid sequences to previously determined sequences of light-activated enzymes from higher plants and from other eucaryotic and procaryotic sources. In the case of FBPase, there are several regions that are conserved in the R. sphaeroides enzymes, including a protease-sensitive area located in a region equivalent to residues 51-71 of mammalian FBPase.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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