Send to

Choose Destination
J Cell Sci. 2011 Aug 1;124(Pt 15):2602-10. doi: 10.1242/jcs.084178. Epub 2011 Jul 12.

Stimulated association of STIM1 and Orai1 is regulated by the balance of PtdIns(4,5)P₂ between distinct membrane pools.

Author information

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


We have previously shown that PIP5KIβ and PIP5KIγ generate functionally distinct pools of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] important for antigen-stimulated Ca(2+) entry in mast cells. In the present study, we find that association of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor, STIM1, and the store-operated Ca(2+) channel, Orai1, stimulated by thapsigargin-mediated ER store depletion, is enhanced by overexpression of PIP5KIβ and inhibited by overexpression of PIP5KIγ. These different PIP5KI isoforms cause differential enhancement of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in detergent-resistant membrane (DRM) fractions, which comprise ordered lipid regions, and detergent-solubilized membrane (DSM) fractions, which comprise disordered lipid regions. Consistent with these results, the inositol 5-phosphatase L10-Inp54p, which is targeted to ordered lipids, decreases PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in the DRM fraction and inhibits thapsigargin-stimulated STIM1-Orai1 association and store-operated Ca(2+) entry, whereas the inositol 5-phosphatase S15-Inp54p, which is targeted to disordered lipids, decreases PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in the DSM fraction and enhances STIM1-Orai1 association. Removal of either the STIM1 C-terminal polylysine sequence (amino acids 677-685) or an N-terminal polyarginine sequence in Orai1 (amino acids 28-33) eliminates this differential sensitivity of STIM1-Orai1 association to PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in the distinctive membrane domains. Our results are consistent with a model of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) balance, in which store-depletion-stimulated STIM1-Orai1 association is positively regulated by the ordered lipid pool of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) and negatively regulated by PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in disordered lipid domains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center