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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2011 Dec;15(12):877-81. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2011.0032. Epub 2011 Jul 12.

Interleukin 4-590T/C polymorphism and susceptibility to leprosy.

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1
Department of Infectious Diseases, Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital, 1278 Bao De Road, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Cell-mediated (Th1) immune response and humoral (Th2) immune response play different roles in leprosy infection. Interleukin 4 (IL-4) is a typical Th2 cytokine. It is a critical mediator of the Th1/Th2 balance.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study is to investigate the association between IL-4 gene -590T/C polymorphism and the susceptibility to leprosy in a Chinese population.

METHODS:

The IL-4 variant -590T/C was detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 432 leprosy cases and 465 age-matched healthy controls. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test.

RESULTS:

Frequencies of the IL-4-590TC and CC genotypes and the -590C allele were significantly lower in patients with leprosy than in healthy controls (odds ratio [OR]=0.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-0.99, p=0.044; OR=0.46, 95% CI 0.25-0.84, p=0.010; and OR=0.68, 95% CI 0.54-0.86, p=0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggest that the -590T/C polymorphism of the IL-4 gene is associated with decreased susceptibility of leprosy.

PMID:
21749213
DOI:
10.1089/gtmb.2011.0032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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