Send to

Choose Destination
J Physiol. 2011 Sep 15;589(Pt 18):4545-54. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2011.211219. Epub 2011 Jul 11.

SIRT-1 and vascular endothelial dysfunction with ageing in mice and humans.

Author information

Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado at Boulder, CO, USA.


We tested the hypothesis that reductions in the cellular deacetylase, sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1), contribute to vascular endothelial dysfunction with ageing via modulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) acetylation/activation-associated nitric oxide (NO) production. In older (30 months, n = 14) vs. young (5-7 months, n = 16) B6D2F1 mice, aortic protein expression of SIRT-1 and eNOS phosphorylated at serine 1177 were lower (both P < 0.05), and acetylated eNOS was 6-fold higher (P < 0.05), whereas total eNOS did not differ (P = 0.65). Acetylcholine (ACh)-induced peak endothelium-dependent dilatation (EDD) was lower in isolated femoral arteries with ageing (P < 0.001). Incubation with sirtinol, a SIRT-1 inhibitor, reduced EDD in both young and older mice, abolishing age-related differences, whereas co-administration with l-NAME, an eNOS inhibitor, further reduced EDD similarly in both groups. Endothelium-independent dilatation to sodium nitroprusside (EID), was not altered by age or sirtinol treatment. In older (64 ± 1 years, n = 22) vs. young (25 ± 1 years, n = 16) healthy humans, ACh-induced forearm EDD was impaired (P = 0.01) and SIRT-1 protein expression was 37% lower in endothelial cells obtained from the brachial artery (P < 0.05), whereas EID did not differ. In the overall group, EDD was positively related to endothelial cell SIRT-1 protein expression (r = 0.44, P < 0.01). Reductions in SIRT-1 may play an important role in vascular endothelial dysfunction with ageing. SIRT-1 may be a key therapeutic target to treat arterial ageing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms


Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center