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J Biol Chem. 1990 Dec 5;265(34):21342-9.

Characterization of the ATP binding site on Escherichia coli DNA gyrase. Affinity labeling of Lys-103 and Lys-110 of the B subunit by pyridoxal 5'-diphospho-5'-adenosine.

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Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We have labeled the adenosine triphosphate binding site of Escherichia coli DNA gyrase with the ATP affinity analog, [3H]pyridoxal 5'-diphospho-5'-adenosine (PLP-AMP). PLP-AMP strongly inhibits the ATP-ase and DNA supercoiling activities of DNA gyrase, with 50% inhibition occurring at 7.5 microM inhibitor. ATP and ADP compete with PLP-AMP for binding and protect the enzyme against inhibition. The labeling appears to proceed by a Schiff base complex between the 4-formyl group of the pyridoxyl moiety of PLP-AMP and a protein primary amino group, since the inhibition and reagent labeling are reversible unless the complex is treated with NaBH4. Complete inactivation is estimated to occur upon the covalent incorporation of 2 mol of inhibitor/mol of gyrase. The Km for ATP was found to be unchanged for partially inhibited enzyme samples, suggesting an all-or-none type of inhibition. A 3H-labeled peptide spanning residues 93-131 of the B protein was isolated from a V-8 protease digest. Radioactive peaks corresponding to Lys-103 and Lys-110 were found during the Edman degradation, suggesting that these amino acids form part of the ATP binding site. A comparison of the amino acid sequence in this region with the sequences of other type II topoisomerases indicates the possible location of a common ATP binding domain.

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