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Diabetologia. 2011 Oct;54(10):2713-23. doi: 10.1007/s00125-011-2237-y. Epub 2011 Jul 9.

C-reactive protein promotes diabetic kidney disease in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Although C-reactive protein (CRP) has been implicated as a risk factor in diabetes, its pathogenic importance in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains unclear. The present study investigated the potential role of CRP in DKD.

METHODS:

Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin in human CRP transgenic and wild-type mice for assessment of kidney injury at 24 weeks by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. In vitro, the pathogenic effect of CRP was investigated using human kidney tubular epithelial cells cultured with high glucose and/or CRP.

RESULTS:

We found that CRP transgenic mice developed much more severe diabetic kidney injury than wild-type mice, as indicated by a significant increase in urinary albumin excretion and kidney injury molecule-1 abundance, enhanced infiltration of macrophages and T cells, and upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNFα) and extracellular matrix (collagen I, III and IV). Enhanced renal inflammation and fibrosis in CRP transgenic mice was associated with upregulation of CRP receptor, CD32a, and over-activation of the TGF-β/SMAD and nuclear factor κB signalling pathways. In vitro, CRP significantly upregulated pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNFα, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1]) and pro-fibrotic growth factors (TGF-β1, connective tissue growth factor [CTGF]) via CD32a/64. CRP was induced by high glucose, which synergistically promoted high glucose-mediated renal inflammation and fibrosis.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

CRP is not only a biomarker, but also a mediator in DKD. Enhanced activation of TGF-β/SMAD and nuclear factor κB signalling pathways may be the mechanisms by which CRP promotes renal inflammation and fibrosis under diabetic conditions.

PMID:
21744073
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-011-2237-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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