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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2011 Aug 28;13(32):14735-41. doi: 10.1039/c1cp20856j. Epub 2011 Jul 11.

Combined in situ XRD and in situ XANES studies on the reduction behavior of a rhenium promoted cobalt catalyst.

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1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

Abstract

A 10% Co-4% Re/(2% Zr/SiO(2)) catalyst was prepared by co-impregnation using a silica support modified by 2% Zr. The catalyst was characterized by temperature programmed reduction (TPR), in situ XRD and in situ XANES analysis where it was simultaneously exposed to H(2) using a temperature programmed ramp. The results showed the two step reduction of large crystalline Co(3)O(4) with CoO as an intermediate. TPR results showed that the reduction of highly dispersed Co(3)O(4) was facilitated by reduced rhenium by a H(2)-spillover mechanism. In situ XRD results showed the presence of both, Co-hcp and Co-fcc phases in the reduced catalyst at 400 °C. However, the Co-hcp phase was more abundant, which is thought to be the more active phase as compared to the Co-fcc phase for CO hydrogenation. CO hydrogenation at 270 °C and 5 bar pressure produces no detectable change in the phases during the time of experiment. In situ XANES results showed a decrease in the metallic cobalt in the presence of H(2)/CO, which can be attributed due to oxidation of the catalyst by reaction under these conditions.

PMID:
21743918
DOI:
10.1039/c1cp20856j
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