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Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2011 Nov;112(5):269-79. doi: 10.1016/j.stomax.2011.05.004. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

[Ameloblastoma of the jaws. A retrospective analysis from 1994 to 2007].

[Article in French]

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Service de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillofaciale (Pr Bertrand), hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, assistance publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, université Pierre-et Marie-Curie-Paris-6, Paris, France.



Ameloblastomas and keratocysts are the most frequent epithelial odontogenic tumors of the jaws. They have a high recurrence rate. This retrospective study reviews the features of ameloblastomas operated on in our unit from 1994 to 2007.


The studied parameters were sex, ethnic origin, age at diagnosis, clinical signs, radiographic presentation, site distribution, histological type, treatment, and follow-up records.


One hundred and sixteen patients were included (with 239 surgical samples). The mean age was 36 years, with a majority of Europeans, 60% of multilocular radiolucent lesions with root resorption, mandibular location (93%). Twenty-one percent of the patients presented with an impacted tooth, the third molar in 79% of cases. Fifty percent of the lesions were from 5 to 13cm in length, 10% longer than 13cm. The most common histological type was follicular ameloblastoma. Patients were treated by enucleation in 82% of cases and radical mandibular resection with reconstruction in 11% of cases. The follow-up was documented for 96% of the patients with a 44% recurrence rate. Seventy-four percent of patients with a double recurrence presented with a "follicular" ameloblastoma.


We prefer a well-performed enucleation which preserves surrounding bone. The high rate of follicular type recurrence should more systematically lead to a combined treatment: periostectomy and tooth extraction. Our data was compared with previously published large series.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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