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Am J Pathol. 2011 Sep;179(3):1088-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.05.027. Epub 2011 Jul 8.

Mesenchymal stem cells stably transduced with a dominant-negative inhibitor of CCL2 greatly attenuate bleomycin-induced lung damage.

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Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a crippling disease with no effective therapy characterized by progressive dyspnea. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a new therapeutic modality for ARDS because MSCs can attenuate inflammation and repair the damaged tissue by differentiating into several cell types. Macrophages participate in the development of ARDS; however, MSCs only weakly modulate macrophage function. The chemokine CCL2 is a potent inducer of macrophage recruitment and activation, and its expression is elevated in patients with ARDS. We established MSCs that are stably transduced by a lentiviral vector expressing 7ND, a dominant-negative inhibitor of CCL2, to enhance the therapeutic function of MSCs. 7ND-MSCs retained the innate properties of MSCs and produced a large amount of 7ND. Many 7ND-MSCs were detected in bleomycin-treated lungs (immunostaining 24 hours after injection), suggesting that MSCs could work as a drug delivery tool. Mice treated with 7ND-MSCs showed significantly milder weight loss, lung injury, collagen content, accumulation of inflammatory cells and inflammatory mediators that were induced by bleomycin, and subsequent survival benefit. No evidence of 7ND-MSC-induced toxicity was observed during or after treatment. Thus, inhibiting the effects of macrophages may greatly enhance the ability of MSCs to effect lung repair in ARDS.

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