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Eur J Cancer. 2012 Apr;48(6):875-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.06.010. Epub 2011 Jul 6.

Lactobacillus brevis CD2 lozenges reduce radiation- and chemotherapy-induced mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.

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Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. B.R.A. IRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.



Oral mucositis is a frequent and serious complication in patients receiving chemo-radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. This study evaluated the effects of administering Lactobacillus brevis CD2 lozenges on the incidence and severity of mucositis and tolerance to chemo-radiotherapy.


Two hundred patients suitable for chemo-radiotherapy were enrolled in a randomised, double-blind study to receive daily treatment with lozenges containing either L. brevis CD2 or placebo. Anticancer therapy was RT 70 Grays/35 fractions over 7 weeks with weekly Inj. Cisplatin 40 mg/m(2). The study treatment was given during, and for 1 week after completion of anticancer therapy. Primary end-points were the incidence of grade III and IV oral mucositis and the percentage of patients able to complete anticancer treatment.


The efficacy analysis included the 188 patients who received ≥ 1 week of study treatment. Grade III and IV mucositis developed in 52% of patients in the L. brevis CD2 arm and 77% in the placebo arm (P<0.001). Anticancer treatment completion rates were 92% in the L. brevis CD2 arm and 70% in the placebo arm (P=0.001). A larger proportion of patients remained free of mucositis when treated with L. brevis CD2 (28%) compared to the placebo (7%).


L. brevis CD2 lozenges reduced the incidence of grade III and IV anticancer therapy-induced oral mucositis and were associated with a lower overall rate of mucositis and a higher rate of anticancer treatment completion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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