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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Nov 15;172(3):1028-34.

A point mutation in norA gene is responsible for quinolone resistance in Staphylococcus aureus.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan.


Two norA genes associated with hydrophilic quinolone resistance in Staphylococcus aureus were identified on the two recombinant plasmids pMR8736 and pSA209; the former was derived from a quinolone-resistant strain MR8736, and the latter was derived from a fluoroquinolone-susceptible strain 209P. We compared functions of these two genes, norA8736 and norA209 respectively, by introducing them into E. coli MC1061. Both genes expressed a novel protein of 52 kilodalton (kD) in size in MC1061. However, only norA8736 could confer hydrophilic quinolone resistance to the host cell, which was accompanied by a significant decrease in the uptake of a hydrophilic quinolone, norfloxacin, by the cell. Subcloning and recombinant plasmid analyses localized the hydrophilic quinolone-resistance marker to the 0.5 kilobase (kb)-long HpaI-HinfI DNA fragment of pMR8736. Nucleotide sequencing of this region and the corresponding region of pSA209 revealed that the hydrophilic quinolone resistance conferred by norA8736 was caused by a single nucleotide substitution from A (adenosine) in norA209 to C (cytosine), which corresponded to a single amino acid substitution from Asp to Ala.

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