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J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 25;265(33):20589-93.

Neoplastic transformation is associated with coordinate induction of nuclear and cytoplasmic oxidative phosphorylation genes.

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Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.


Neoplastic transformation was found to have a marked effect on the expression of nuclear DNA (nDNA)- and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) genes. Examining three pairs of human diploid fibroblasts and their SV 40-transformed counterparts revealed that mRNAs for the nuclear-encoded ATP synthase beta and the adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT) isoform 1 and 2 genes were markedly induced, whereas the mRNA for the ANT isoform 3 gene remained unchanged. The mRNA levels for the mtDNA-encoded 12 S rRNA, ND2, ATPase6+8, COIII, ND5+6, and Cytb genes were also increased, whereas the mtDNA number declined. Similar analysis of a cervical carcinoma (HeLa), fibrosarcoma (HT1080), and an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed lymphoblastoid line (EBV-L) revealed that all three ANT isoforms were also expressed in these cells. Hence, changes in the expression of OXPHOS genes may be a common feature of transformed cells.

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