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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Dec 1;82(7):E835-41. doi: 10.1002/ccd.23193. Epub 2013 Aug 24.

Outcomes of concomitant percutaneous coronary intervention and balloon aortic valvuloplasty.

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Division of Cardiology, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC.



Coronary artery disease often coexists with severe aortic stenosis. The feasibility and safety of combined balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are unknown.


To compare outcomes and complications of combined BAV and PCI with BAV alone.


The study cohort consisted of 409 patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing BAV from 1/2007 to 12/2010. Overall, 329 patients underwent BAV alone and 80 underwent concomitant PCI. Clinical and hemodynamic data, as well as acute and intermediate-term outcomes, were collected.


At the operator's discretion PCI was done before BAV in 66 (82.5%) and after in 14 (17.5%). Patients who underwent concomitant procedures had a higher incidence of prior stroke and a lower incidence of atrial fibrillation. Procedure time and fluoroscopic time were significantly greater in the BAV/PCI group, (90.0 ± 36.6 vs. 72.8 ± 39.8, P = 0.002 and 20.5 ± 10.9 vs. 12.9 ± 7.0, P < 0.001). Significantly more radiographic contrast was used in the BAV/PCI group (95.1 ± 45.5 vs. 36.7 ± 38.4 cm(3) , P < 0.001. Serious adverse events occurred with equal frequency 13.7 and 17.3%, P = 0.44). Transfusion requirement was also similar (21.2% vs. 20.0%, P = 0.81). The frequency of a periprocedural increase in troponin or creatinine was also similar. In the BAV alone group the mortality rate was 48.6% (n = 160) during a mean follow-up of 191 days, and in the BAV/PCI group the mortality rate was 40% (n = 32) during mean follow-up of 175.5 day, P = 0.34.


Combined BAV and PCI are safe and are associated with similar complications as BAV alone and may offer protection against myocardial ischemia during BAV.


aortic stenosis; percutaneous coronary intervention; valvuloplasty

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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