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Am J Vet Res. 1990 Oct;51(10):1656-62.

In vivo and in vitro genetic recombination between conventional and gene-deleted vaccine strains of pseudorabies virus.

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National Veterinary Services Laboratories, Science and Technology, USDA, Ames, IA 50010.


Pseudorabies virus (PRV), an alpha-herpesvirus, causes substantial economic losses in the swine industry and is currently the focus of eradication and control programs. Some of these programs rely on the ability of veterinarians to differentiate animals exposed to virulent strains of PRV from animals exposed to avirulent vaccine strains of PRV on the basis of a serologic response to nonessential glycoproteins that are deleted in some vaccine strains of PRV. Genetic recombination resulting in the creation of virulent strains of PRV with the same negative immunologic markers as vaccine strains could disrupt these programs. Two strains of PRV were coinoculated either into tissue culture or into sheep to facilitate recombination. Progeny viruses were selected to detect a specific recombinant phenotype. We were able to detect genetic recombination between vaccine strains of PRV following in vitro or in vivo coinoculation of 2 strains of PRV. The selected recombinants had marker-deleted phenotypes in strains with restored virulence genes. Increased virulence was observed in sheep after coinoculation of 2 avirulent vaccine strains of PRV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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