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J Virol. 2011 Sep;85(18):9472-7. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00876-11. Epub 2011 Jul 6.

The histone acetyltransferase CLOCK is an essential component of the herpes simplex virus 1 transcriptome that includes TFIID, ICP4, ICP27, and ICP22.

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The Marjorie B. Kovler Viral Oncology Laboratories, The University of Chicago, 910 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


Studies published elsewhere have shown that the herpes simplex virus regulatory protein ICP0 interacts with BMAL1, a partner and regulator of circadian histone acetyltransferase CLOCK, that both proteins localize at ND10 bodies and are stabilized by viral proteins, that enzymatically active CLOCK partially complements ΔICP0 mutants, and that silencing of CLOCK suppresses the expression of viral genes. Here we report that CLOCK is a component of the transcriptional complex that includes TFIID, ICP4, ICP27, and ICP22. The results suggest that the CLOCK histone acetyltransferase is a component of the viral transcriptional machinery throughout the replicative cycle of the virus and that ICP27 and ICP22 initiate their involvement in viral gene expression as components of viral transcriptome.

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