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Biosens Bioelectron. 2011 Aug 15;26(12):4661-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2011.04.017. Epub 2011 Jun 13.

Optimized ferrocene-functionalized ZnO nanorods for signal amplification in electrochemical immunoassay of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, 3663th Zhongshan Rd. (N), Shanghai 200062, PR China.


A novel amplified electrochemical immunoassay based on ferrocene (Fc)-functionalized ZnO nanorods (NRs) was developed in the present work. The detection antibody ((d)Ab) and Fc were immobilized onto the surface of ZnO NRs, denoted as {(d)Ab-ZnO-Fc} bioconjugates. The amount of (d)Ab and Fc in the bioconjugates was investigated using the copper reduction/bicinchoninic acid reaction (BCA protein assay) and inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), respectively. Greatly amplified signal was achieved in the sandwich-type immunoassay when (d)Ab and Fc linked to ZnO NRs at a proper ratio. Using Escherichia coli (E. coli) as a model antigen, the designed immunoassay showed an excellent analytical performance, and exhibited a wide dynamic response range of E. coli concentration from 10(2) to 10(6)cfu/mL with a detection limit of 50 cfu/mL (S/N=3). By introducing a pre-enrichment step, the detection of 5 cfu/10 mL E. coli in hospital sewage water was realized. This proposed signal amplification strategy was promising and could be easily extended to monitor other biorecognition events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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