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Epidemiol Infect. 2012 Mar;140(3):535-8. doi: 10.1017/S0950268811001129. Epub 2011 Jun 21.

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex species in clinical specimens in Singapore.

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Department of Pathology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.


This study was performed to determine the prevalence, distribution of specimen sources, and antimicrobial susceptibility of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (Acb) species complex in Singapore. One hundred and ninety-three non-replicate Acb species complex clinical isolates were collected from six hospitals over a 1-month period in 2006. Of these, 152 (78·7%) were identified as A. baumannii, 18 (9·3%) as 'Acinetobacter pittii' [genomic species (gen. sp.) 3], and 23 (11·9%) as 'Acinetobacter nosocomialis' (gen. sp. 13TU). Carbapenem resistance was highest in A. baumannii (72·4%), followed by A. pittii (38·9%), and A. nosocomialis (34·8%). Most carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii and A. nosocomialis possessed the bla(OXA-23-like) gene whereas carbapenem-resistant A. pittii possessed the bla(OXA-58-like) gene. Two imipenem-resistant strains (A. baumannii and A. pittii) had the bla(IMP-like) gene. Representatives of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii were related to European clones I and II.

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