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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 Nov;1212:E37-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.05984.x.

Metabolic surgery for type 2 diabetes.

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1
Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York 10065, USA.

Abstract

Conventional bariatric operations, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) appear to be a safe and effective treatment for many severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). These operations improve glucose homeostasis through a variety of mechanisms, however, not only due to reduced food intake and body weight. Research to elucidate the weight-independent antidiabetic mechanisms of gastrointestinal (GI) surgery and to clarify the molecular mechanisms responsible for the benefits of GI surgery on glucose homeostasis is a compelling research objective. We review the existing knowledge regarding the clinical outcomes and of the mechanisms of GI surgery to treat T2DM.

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